Analysis of Changes in Iran's Foreign Policy on JCPOA during Hassan Rouhani's Administration

  • Abdullah Abdullah Universitas Brawijaya
Keywords: external factor, foreign policy, internal factor, Iran, JCPOA


At the end of 2013, Iran agreed to the P5+1 joint agreement, which became the forerunner of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), signed on July 14, 2015. Iran signed the deal to make the international community recognize its nuclear program and lift sanctions against the country. Previously, from 2003 to 2012, Iran had always refused to negotiate with the West. This phenomenon raises the research question discussed in this article: what causes Iran's policy change regarding its nuclear project. The research was conducted by literature study, utilizing official documents and mass media reports. In this study, the author uses the theory of foreign policymaking as described by Snyder et al. The result obtained is that the changing of Iranian foreign policy was influenced by the internal factors, especially the political and economic dynamics under President Hasan Rouhani. External factors also became the impetus for Iran to change its policies, including the policy changes made by Obama in the second term of his leadership and the endorsement of the deal from the European Union, Russia, and China.


Aiyang. (2010). China’s FM says trade tie with Iran Normal. China Daily. [online]. Dalam: [Diakses 21 Februari 2017]

Akbar, Z. E. (2015). Kepentingan Rusia Dibalik Dukungannya Terhadap Program Nuklir Iran. Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional FISIP Universitas Jember XII (1), 1-11.

Arms Control Association. (2014). Background and Status of Iran’s Nuclear Program. [Online]. Dalam: [Diakses 22 Februari 2017].

Barbanov, M. (2009). Russian Tank Production Sets A New Record. Moscow Defense Brief. [Online] Dalam: [Diakses pada 9 Maret 2017]

Fisher, M. (2016). How the nuclear deal boosted Iran's moderates — and showed Iranian elections can matter. Vox, [Online]. Dalam: [Diakses pada 20 Mei 2021].

Focus Economics. (2017). Iran Economy Outlook. [Online]. Dalam: [Diakses 20 Februari 2020].

Formentini & Milani, T. (2012). The Legal Status of Caspian Sea: History of the Treaties between the Riparian States. Working Paper European Center for Energy Security Analysis, 3(4).

Freeman, C. (2010). The China Factor in Iran's Nuclear Strategy. [Online]. CSIS, Dalam: [diakses pada 01 Maret 2017].

Gidadhubli, R.G. (2006). Oil and Politics in Russia, Tightening Grip on Pipelines. Economic and Political Weekly, Oxford University Press. 41(31).

Green, M. (2015). Oil Exports, Iran and U.S. Global Competitiveness. Dalam: [Diakses pada 21 Februari 2021].

Hardianti, E. (2015). Kebijakan Uni Eropa dalam Menghentikan Proliferasi Nuklir Iran tahun 2009-2013. Tidak Diterbitkan, Skripsi, Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Huang, X. (2016). The Iranian Nuclear Issue and Regional Security: Dilemmas, Responses, and The Futures. [Online] UN. Dalam: 20Security.pdf, [Diakses pada 05 Januari 2017].

IRIB. (2016). Interaksi Uni Eropa Terhadap Iran. [Online] Indonesian IRIB. Dalam: [Diakses pada 20 Januari 2017].

Katzman, K. (2021), Iran Sanctions, CRS Report RS20871. Dalam:

Kayam, O. (2017). A rhetorical change that changed reality Rouhani vs. Ahmadinejad at the UN. Language and Dialogue, 7 (2), 163–188.

Kerlie, K. (2014) Iran Will Not Reverse Engineer Russian S-300 Missile Defense System. Sputniknews, [Online]. Dalam: [Diakses pada 22 Februari 2017]

Miglietta, J. P. (2006). Iran, the Nuclear Option, and the NPT Treaty: The Implications and Ramifications on Iranian Foreign Policy. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, [Online] Dalam: [Diakses pada 20 Februari 2017]

Minderop, A. (2006). Pragmatisme Sikap Hidup dan prinsip Politik Luar Negeri Amerika, Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Nikaeen, S. (2013). Tercekiknya Perekonomian Iran. DW, [Online]. Dalam: [Diakses pada 20 Januari 2017].

Pars Today. (2016). Iran dan Uni Eropa Pada Periode Pasca JCPOA 1. [Online]. Dalam: iran_dan_uni_eropa_pada_periode_pasca_jcpoa_1 [Diakses pada 20 Februari 2017].

Rizkiyanto, S. (2015). Kesepakatan Geneva Sebagai Bentuk Pragmatisme Politik Luar Negeri AS Di Timur Tengah. Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Syar’i, 2(1).

Sherrill, C.W. (2014). Why Hassan Rouhani Won Iran’s 2013 Presidential Election. Middleeast Policy, 21(2).

Snyder, R. C., Bruck, H.W., & Sapin, B. (1962). Foreign Policy Decision-Making : An Approach to the Study of International Politics. New York: The Free Press.

US Department of State. (2015). Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. [online] Dalam: [Diakses 21 Februari 2020].

Whelman, A. F. (2010). China-Iran Foreign Relations. [Online] Critical Threats. Dalam: [Diakses pada 01 Maret 2017].

Zarback, Y. (2013). Kemana Janji Muluk Ahmadinejad. DW, [Online]. Dalam: [Diakses pada 10 Januari 2017].

How to Cite
Abdullah, A. (2021). Analysis of Changes in Iran’s Foreign Policy on JCPOA during Hassan Rouhani’s Administration. Jurnal ICMES, 5(1), 1-21.