Lebanon Pasca Ledakan Beirut Tahun 2020

Identifikasi Ancaman Human Security dan Bantuan Komunitas Internasional

  • Irawanti Ayu Kusumawandira Universitas Padjadjaran
Kata Kunci: bantuan kemanusiaan, keamanan manusia, komunitas internasional, Lebanon, Ledakan Beirut

Abstrak

Tragedi Ledakan Beirut pada tahun 2020 terjadi di saat Lebanon sedang mengalami beragam kekacauan domestik seperti krisis ekonomi, politik, dan kesehatan. Besarnya dampak yang dihasilkan dari tragedi ini menempatkan warga Lebanon ke dalam krisis kemanusiaan. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi ancaman human security yang muncul akibat tragedi tersebut dan melihat bagaimana bantuan kemanusiaan yang diberikan oleh komunitas internasional kepada Lebanon. Dengan menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dan studi literatur, penulis menemukan bahwa seluruh dimensi human security telah terancam. Dimensi-dimensi itu meliputi food security, political security, economics security, health security, environment security, personal security, dan community security. Komunitas internasional yang terdiri dari aktor negara, organisasi internasional seperti badan-badan PBB, perusahaan, hingga individu saling bekerja sama memberi bantuan kemanusiaan kepada warga Lebanon. Adanya pendampingan dan bantuan seperti pemberian fasilitas kesehatan, pendidikan, tempat tinggal, makanan, hingga uang tunai dalam jangka waktu panjang dari tiap-tiap pihak telah mampu berperan dalam meminimalisir ancaman terhadap dimensi keamanan manusia di Lebanon.

 

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2022-06-29