Berpikir Sistem Pada Masifnya Gerakan Feminisme

Telaah Perang Narasi Digital di Timur Tengah

  • Tika Tazkya Nurdyawati Universitas Padjadjaran
Kata Kunci: berpikir sistem, feminisme, pergerakan digital, perang narasi, Timur Tengah

Abstrak

Agenda kesetaraan yang berkembang dengan masif di dunia Barat ditransmisikan secara bertahap ke Kawasan Timur Tengah. Pada tahap awal, feminisme masuk menjadi metodologi, paradigma dan hirauan saintis. Lalu, feminisme menjalar secara multidimensional hingga ranah politik. Di era kontemporer, feminisme hadir sebagai pergerakan yang difasilitasi oleh digitalisasi. Terdapat tiga kubu sebagai aktor yang saling berperang narasi: Feminisme sekuler, Feminis Muslim dan  Muslim kontra-feminis  (konservatif). Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi akar perbedaan premis ketiga kubu yang dua di antaranya sama-sama dilegitimasi oleh rujukan agama. Artikel ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan kerangka berpikir sistem yang terlampirkan dalam Causal Loop Diagram. Penelitian ini merujuk pada Teori Perang Narasi dalam skema peperangan non-fisik secara virtual. Artikel ini menemukan adanya skema interpretasi yang berbeda dari kedua kubu Muslim dalam pemahaman agama, yakni: pemurnian agama dan fleksibilitas tafsir agama sesuai arus modern.

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2022-06-29